editor

Edit your react-three-fiber scene with a visual editor

Nov 18, 2020
Edit your react-three-fiber scene with a visual editor

React Three Editable

React Three Editable is a library for React and react-three-fiber that lets you edit your scene in a visual editor while requiring minimal modifications to your r3f code.

View Demo View Github

Quick start

yarn add react-three-editable
import React from "react"; import { Canvas } from "react-three-fiber"; import { Editor, EditableManager, editable as e } from "react-three-editable"; // Import our previously exported state import editableState from "./editableState.json"; export default function App() { return ( <> {/* The component responsible for displaying the editor. Remove in production. ;) */} <Editor /> <Canvas> {/* EditableManager connnects this canvas to the editor. Here we can also pass our state. */} <EditableManager state={editableState} /> <ambientLight intensity={0.5} /> {/* Mark objects as editable. */} {/* Transforms applied in the editor are added on top of transforms applied in code. */} <e.spotLight position={[10, 10, 10]} angle={0.15} penumbra={1} uniqueName="Spotlight" /> <e.pointLight uniqueName="PointLight" /> <e.mesh uniqueName="Box"> <boxBufferGeometry /> <meshStandardMaterial color="orange" /> </e.mesh> </Canvas> </> ); }

(Codesandbox)

Why

When creating a 3D scene for react-three-fiber, you can choose two routes: you can either code it in r3f, which gives you reactivity, and the flexibility that comes with it, or you can use a 3D software like Blender and export it, but then if you want to dynamically modify that scene at runtime, you'll have to fall back to imperative code.

The best middle ground so far has been gltfjsx, which generates JSX from your exported scene, however it still involves a lot of manual work if you want to split your scene into components, and any modifications you make will have to be reapplied if you make changes to the scene.

React Three Editable aims to fill this gap by allowing you to set up your scene in JSX, giving you reactivity, while allowing you to tweak the properties of these objects in a visual editor, including their transforms, which you can then bake into a json file to be used by the runtime in production. An explicit goal of the project is to require as few modifications to the original code as possible, and to allow freely mixing and blending the static values applied in the editor with dynamic ones applied in code.

In production, you can freely remove the <Editor /> component, leaving you with a ~1 KB runtime.

API

<Editor>

The component responsible for displaying the editor. This is rendered in HTML, so don't place it inside <Canvas>.

<EditableManager>

By placing it inside your r3f <Canvas>, you connect it to React Three Editable.

Props

state: a previously exported state.

allowImplicitInstancing: allows implicit instancing of editable objects through reusing uniqueNames. These objects will share all editable properties. It is discouraged since you'll miss out on warnings if you accidentally reuse a uniqueName, and will be superseded by prefabs in the future.

For now you can only connect a single canvas, however multi-canvas support is planned.

editable

Use it to make objects editable. The properties on editable mirror the intrinsic elements of react-three-fiber, however there's no full parity yet. E.g. if you want to create an editable <mesh>, you do it by using <editable.mesh> instead. These elements have the same interface as the normal ones, with the addition of the below props.

editable is also a function, which allows you to make your custom components editable. Your component does have to be compatible with the interface of the editable object type it is meant to represent. You need to pass it the component you want to wrap, and the object type it represents (see object types).

import { editable } from 'react-three-editable'; import { PerspectiveCamera } from '@react-three/drei'; const EditableCamera = editable(PerspectiveCamera, 'perspectiveCamera');

Props

uniqueName: a unique name used to identify the object in the editor.

editableRootRef: pass a ref to this prop to be able to imperatively apply transforms on top of editor transforms, or to imperatively re-parent the object.

Object types

React Three Editable supports the following object types:

  • group
  • mesh
  • spotLight
  • directionalLight
  • pointLight
  • perspectiveCamera
  • orthographicCamera

These are available as properties of editable, and you need to pass them as the second parameter when wrapping custom components.

GitHub

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